Decarbonisation is the adoption by governments, companies or even individuals of measures to reduce their carbon emissions, e.g. by cutting back on the use of fossil fuels that cause CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere to rise.
Importance of decarbonisation
- In order to contain the rise in global average temperature within the targets set in 2015 by the Paris Agreement, global carbon consumption and the resulting greenhouse gas emissions must be substantially reduced;
- The decarbonisation of the global economy requires the adoption of a distinctly different energy system from the current one and a shift away from fossil fuels, which produce emissions that disrupt the earth’s climate;
- The net zero goals envisage a major decarbonisation effort followed by the offset of irreducible emissions.
Decarbonisation includes measures through which governments, corporate sectors, individual companies and organisations contribute to achieving a low-carbon economy or through which individuals aim to reduce their own footprint through their consumption choices. Decarbonising means reducing the climate impacts of our economy.
The most up-to-date reports tell us that decarbonisation targets often seem to be receding rather than actually being pursued, but there is also some good news. In fact, there are already a number of affordable and widely adoptable measures that would decarbonise our economies by making the energy system more efficient, reducing unnecessary consumption and adopting renewable energy sources on an ever larger scale.